Know Your Rights*

What to do when confronted with the police?

Following these basic rules can help you protect your rights when dealing with the police.



Key Points


DO NOT talk to the police! When arrested say, "I choose to remain silent and I want to talk to my attorney."


DO NOT consent to a search of your person or property. If the police search you tell them “I do not consent to a search.”


DO document and report police misconduct.


If the Police Stop You...

• Stay calm and do not physically resist.

• Keep your hands visible and free of ANY objects which could be confused for a weapon.

• Remain silent.

• DO ask "Am I free to go?" If told “yes”, then leave immediately – you are not being detained.

• If you’re detained, DO show ID. If you don’t, you can be held for up to three days in order to identify you.



If the Police Try to Search You...


• Never consent to a search.

• Say "I do not consent to a search" loudly enough so any witnesses can hear you.

• Don’t resist physically. Police may pat down your clothing if they have reasonable suspicion that you have weapons or drugs.

• Don’t open your bag or any closed items for the police.


If the Police Try to Enter Your Home...


• Never consent to a search.

• IF you have opened the door, then step outside. Lock the door behind you.

• Ask to see a warrant. Does it have your address on it? Is it signed by a Judge?

• Do not agree to letting them search areas not covered by the warrant.


If the Police Stop Your Car...


• Stay calm.

• Do not answer questions – silence is not a crime

• DO show your driver’s license, registration, and proof of insurance.

• DO tell the officer, "I do not consent to a search" if asked.

• Don’t open your trunk or car door to allow the police access. They might argue later that you consented to the search by letting them in.

• DO sign any ticket they give you.

• If you refuse to take a blood, urine or breath test when asked your license can be suspended.


If the Police Arrest You...

• Do not answer any questions.

• Do say "I choose to remain silent and I want to talk to my attorney."

• Do not talk about your case to anyone except your attorney.



If You are Mistreated by the Police

• Write down the details of the incident, badge numbers, and names of witnesses immediately.

• Get a medical report immediately, as well as photographs documenting any injuries or property damaged.



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 | Law Offices of Mario Andrews | All Rights Reserved